Information graphics (or infographics) are visual representations of information and data. They help contextualise what we are trying to convey using symbols, graphics, colour, signs, etc.
Timo shows how the dashed line is used to show relationships, paths, temporal movement, expectation and border. All of which are understood put in their particular context. The common denominator of the functions of the dashed line is to emphasise a specific meaning in order for the message to be understood in the correct way.
Information graphics are used in a multitude of different fields, such as science, mathematics, graphic design, programming, education, psychiatry and even music.
In her blog, Carrie Gates, points to live video mixing through media-based performance art. She talks about how VJs are combining new and old technologies to interact with their audience – where interactivity is key to communicating with them. Music is played against back-drops of imagery that the VJ is creating using their laptop, giving the audience an aural and visual sensory experience.
While it is very easy and simple to use information graphics as a way of explaining or illustrating something, it should be portrayed in a simple and clear manner in order for the reader to render the correct idea .They act as a visual shorthand for concepts, analyses and ideas. Infographics come in the form of maps, graphs, road-signs, diagrams and much more.
Here is an example of how information graphics are used to show how animals see the world. The infographics are used, not only to explain the differences in eye sight but to complement the written information.
Below are more examples of information graphics:
The size of Africa in comparison to other countries of the world
Flight patterns in the US
The world mapped according to Wikipedia articles in seven different languages
UNSW – Kensington Camus map